Shanghai China History
The Last King of Shanghai is not only a well-researched book, but it also reveals the history of one of the most important cities in China's history: Shanghai. Known as "Paris in the East," Shanghai was a city that emerged in the early 17th century as the capital of China and the second largest city in Asia.
It was here that Europeans could trade with China and its neighbouring countries, and Shanghai soon became one of the world's most important commercial and banking centres, attracting hundreds of people to the city. In no time at all, Shanghai had become East Asia's richest city and, in the 1930s, Asia's most important port. The world's largest trading or banking company, based in the Bund and Shanghai, soon became China's second-largest city after Beijing, with 1.2 million inhabitants.
More important for Shanghai, Deng Xiaoping declared Shanghai the spearhead of China's economic reforms in 1990, which were intended to be a new financial center for development. The development of Pudong helped restore China to its rightful position as the world's second largest city after Beijing and as a global financial center.
Independently of this, the Shanghai International Settlement exists and operates as a unit that is almost completely separate from the Chinese Shanghai. Shanghai is still under Chinese control, but is now influenced by international financial institutions such as the International Monetary Fund (IMF), the World Bank, and the European Union.
Later, in 1927, the government of the Republic of China published the plan for the greater Shanghai area and officially established the Shanghai Special City Government. The land on which the settlement is located and the growing city belong to the Chinese government, as do the land in the city itself.
Shanghai has become an important trading and commercial centre again and has positioned itself as China's leading business city. Many companies flourished in Shanghai, offering new opportunities to the growing middle class and foreigners seeking to tap into the "Chinese market." Shanghai was a powerful symbol of China's "rising status," and became a flashpoint for those who wanted to return Shanghai to the internationalism that defined it before the revolution.
Shanghai also harboured ambitions to become the global capital of the 21st century, hoping to outshine rivals Beijing and Hong Kong.
The Chinese government took to heart the motto "the city that never sleeps" as it prepared to make Shanghai Asia's New York. At one point Shanghai became known as Hu, but until the Huning Expressway connected Shanghai and Nanjing, the name was used as a shorthand for the city. This summary is heavily based on a 1934 travel guide published online by Earnshaw Books.
We hope that this view of Shanghai's architecture will be a starting point for insights into the city itself. It concludes with a brief history of the Shanghai Club and its first building, and we hope to prove that it is the first of its kind worldwide. The first buildings of the Shanghai Club, which were built on land bought by the Shanghai Recreation Fund, were the second and third buildings on the site, both completed in 1933, just a few months before the opening of a new subway line to Shanghai.
The city's rapid development began after the Opium War of 1840, when Western powers forced China to open five of its coastal cities, including Shanghai, to foreign trade. The introduction of these foreign concessions described and traced the Modern Shanghai Gallery, whose structure is reminiscent of the EHDMS, but it was first opened before and during the Opium War.
The British presence in Shanghai was soon followed by the French and Americans, and by 1853 Shanghai had overtaken all other Chinese ports. Chinese foreign trade, which had been restricted to canton for some time, was allowed to operate abroad via Chinese shipping companies.
The Small Sword Society, which claimed to be Taiping, took over Shanghai, the oldest Chinese city, bypassed Shanghai and established a capital in Nanjing, pushing thousands of Chinese to make foreign concessions. The Shanghai International Settlement grew rapidly and conquered the center of Shanghai in the late 19th and early 20th centuries, with large numbers of immigrants from the United States, Great Britain and France. From the 1910s onwards, the inhabitants of Pudong, who lived across the river from Shanghai, witnessed a steady increase in the federal government.
In the early 14th century, the Huangpu River, also known as Shen, was considered so dangerous that Ming Dynasty engineers dredged it to make it an important tributary for Shanghai. In the late 14th and early 15th centuries, they dredged it again, making it one of the most dangerous rivers in the world.
During the Opium War of the 1840s, Shanghai became one of five open ports set out in the Nanjing Treaty, and the city was located on the mighty Yangtze River, which also led inland. The city was allowed to remain as a "Shanghai International Settlement" and allowed trade between China and other parts of China, such as Hong Kong. Much has changed since the United States established a consular presence in Shanghai, but much has remained the same, and that is the relationship between the consulate and Shanghai.